- Which functional orders (herbivores, carnivores,...) of invertebrates
are pioneer in alpine primary succession? Are there differences from
those in the lowland?
- What difference is found in the species composition of alpine decomposers
in comparison to the lowland?
- Name different carnivore strategies.
- Why is the African carnivore bird guild diverser than that of South
- What are differences between lowland and alpine food webs?